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Church founded by freed slaves faces uncertain future

🕐 4 min read

FORT WORTH, Texas (AP) — Mount Gilead Baptist Church is safe for now.

A state district judge recently granted a restraining order that keeps the future of the historic black church, which was offered for sale this spring, in limbo, the latest move in a bitter legal battle that has pitted church members against their pastor and deacons.

Patrick Rucker, described in court documents as a self-appointed interim pastor from Dallas, pushed for the sale.

Paradox Church, a young but growing 650-member congregation that holds services in Van Cliburn Hall, has offered $2.5 million for the property.

But four church members hired a lawyer in May to file for the restraining order, claiming that church leaders don’t have the right to sell 102-year-old landmark that greets people arriving downtown on Spur 280.

Members worry that the history the church holds — and represents — will be lost if it is sold.

“People from out of town came here to see this church,” Ernest Mackey, one of the members who filed the petition, told the Fort Worth Star-Telegram ( “This was the aristocratic church in the black community. All the lawyers, doctors, teachers, plumbers, carpenters, they went here and their children went here. It had a library with law books, an orchestra, an indoor pool.”

“They built the pool so black kids would have a place to swim, because they could not swim anywhere else in town,” said Mackey, a member since 1948. “At that particular time they tried to offer as much as they could to the community.”

State District Judge John Chupp granted the restraining order in May, but the legal wranglings have spilled over into the Second Court of Appeals in Fort Worth. The appeals court will decide if Chupp has the authority to rule on whether the leaders of the church have the right to sell the property.

That decision will likely determine the future of the church, which was established by 12 former slaves in 1875.

The building in dispute was built in 1912.

Mackey said Mount Gilead remains one of the few properties in downtown Fort Worth that have long been owned by African-Americans.

Among the most well-known properties in the same area of Mount Gilead were the Jim Hotel and the Fraternal Bank & Trust Co. — both owned by William Bill “Gooseneck” McDonald. The hotel, a hotspot for nationally known African-American musicians and entertainers, and the bank were cornerstones of what became known as the “Ninth Street Drag.” The drag boomed in the 1920s but virtually disappeared by the 1960s, when the construction of the convention center forced the demolition of several blocks of buildings on the southern edge of downtown.

Mount Gilead, a neoclassical, red-brick building that is fronted by six massive columns, survived, but is struggling.

A message above the church’s name that says “Come Unto Me” beckons to passing motorists. But those who stop to look more closely see paint peeling from the columns, discoloration around the windows, and chips of stucco and wood that have fallen to the ground.

In a recent sermon, Rucker told the congregation that the church, whose membership has dwindled to about 35 members, cannot escape its problems. God can answer their prayers, Rucker proclaimed.

“Look to the hills from where your help cometh. Your help cometh from the Lord,” Rucker said.

He then broke out in song, “My heavenly Father, He watches over me.”

Mackey and about a dozen other church members attended the court hearing in June to make sure Mount Gilead did not go the way of so many other black-owned institutions that once surrounded their church.

The defendants in the dispute are Rucker and deacons Randy Green and Lynn Davis. They maintain that the four members who petitioned the court for the restraining order — Mackey, Patricia Williams, Jannis Dilworth and Joyce Britt — are no longer church members because Mount Gilead’s constitution calls for the immediate dismissal of any church members who take the pastor and/or the church to court.

The validity of that constitution is also being contested in Chupp’s court.

Natherral “Nate” Washington, the attorney representing Mount Gilead church members, maintains that the constitution that has been filed with the courts “is not worth the paper it is printed on.”

Washington also said that church officials took money from Mount Gilead accounts to pay their attorney $1,500 without discussing it with the congregation, and are still paying their lawyer with church funds, Washington said.

“The members are not getting any accounting,” Washington said.

Rucker and the attorney representing church officials, Jonathan Chatmon, declined to comment.

“We’ll talk to you about it when it’s over, maybe,” Rucker said. “Until then, it’s church business.”


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