Nokia will reduce as much as 14 percent of its workforce, cutting jobs across the globe as part of a plan to save more than $1 billion annually following its merger with networking hardware rival Alcatel-Lucent.
The company is set to eliminate about 10,000 to 15,000 positions out of a combined staff of 104,000, according to people familiar with the plan, who asked not to be named because the information isn’t public. Nokia said Wednesday about 1,300 jobs will be reduced in Finland, without giving a global number. Slightly more than that will go in Germany, people said.
Union officials have been bracing for the cuts since last year, when Chief Executive Officer Rajeev Suri set a goal of lowering annual operating costs by about 900 million euros ($1.02 billion) in 2018 by reducing overlapping products, services and sales positions after the $18 billion takeover. Earlier, he revived Nokia’s struggling networks business by slashing costs and focusing on more lucrative equipment and service contracts.
Suri discussed the moves with union representatives on a telephone conference call Wednesday, people said. The company will meet with workers in about 30 countries in coming weeks, it said in a statement.
“It’s too early to discuss any global reduction figure as we are only now starting the country-specific processes, and these will proceed according to local legislation and practices,” Nokia said.
Nokia rebounded from earlier losses on the planned cuts, first reported by Bloomberg. The stock rose 1.3 percent to 5.15 euros at 4:08 p.m. in Helsinki, valuing the company at 30 billion euros.
The reductions are also aimed at helping Nokia to cope with a challenging business environment in 2016 and intense competition from China’s Huawei Technologies Co., said one of the people.
Nokia, Huawei and Ericsson of Sweden are facing revenue pressure as wireless carriers begin to pull back on investments in fourth-generation wireless networks. As global spending on 4G base stations is expected to tumble about 15 percent in 2016, Nokia and Ericsson are both looking to cut costs while seeking out other pockets of growth in software and services.
The cuts are the latest blow to Nokia’s home country of Finland, which is grappling with a delicate economic recovery and continued high unemployment. Microsoft Corp. slashed 2,300 jobs in the Nordic country after buying Nokia’s phone business in 2014. In North Texas, Alcatel Lucent is building a new $55 million headquarters in Plano. According to Plano Economic Development the combined company will employ about 1,200.
Nokia employed 24,000 in 2000 in Finland as it dominated the global market for mobile phones. That had dropped to about 7,000 last year after the Microsoft deal and previous job-reduction programs.
Nokia and Alcatel-Lucent’s networks businesses have about 4,800 workers in Germany and about 4,400 in France, and also have employees in about 120 other countries.
France will avoid the biggest reductions, with Nokia trying to make good on a pledge to keep about 4,200 jobs in the country, including 2,500 in research and development, the people said. Nokia promised the French government to keep jobs and maintain the country’s key role on innovation as it sought approval for the takeover.
“This was a match between France and Finland,” Pertti Porokari, head of the Union of Professional Engineers in Finland, said in a statement. “Finland lost.”